2013: Actress Karen Black, best known for movies such as "Easy Rider," "Five Easy Pieces," "The Great Gatsby," "The Day of the Locust" and "Nashville," dies of ampullary cancer at age 74 in Santa Monica, California. Black earned an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress for "Five Easy Pieces," a role that also earned her a Golden Globe. She also received a Golden Globe for "The Great Gatsby" and was nominated for "The Day of the Locust."
2011: Standard & Poor's rating agency downgrades U.S. sovereign debt. The downgrade was the first in the history of the United States.
2010: Actress Patricia Neal dies of lung cancer at age 84 in Edgartown, Massachusetts. Neal was best known for her film roles in "The Day the Earth Stood Still," "Breakfast at Tiffany's" and "Hud," the last of which won her the Academy Award for Best Actress. She's seen here in a publicity photo for the 1949 movie "The Hasty Heart."
2008: The Summer Olympics begin in Beijing, China. The ceremony is noted for its focus on ancient Chinese culture and for its creativity, as well as being the first to use weather modification technology to prevent rainfall. The final ascent to the torch featured Olympic gymnast Li Ning, who used a harness and cables to appear as though to be running through air around the membrane of the stadium.
2008: Former Democratic vice-presidential nominee John Edwards admits to having had an extramarital affair with former campaign worker Rielle Hunter.
2007: Barbara Morgan becomes the first educator to safely reach space when the space shuttle Endeavour launches on its way to the international space station. In 1986, Morgan was the alternate for the first teacher selected for a space mission, Christa McAuliffe, who died with six astronauts in the explosion of the space shuttle Challenger 73 seconds after its launch.
2004: Actress Fay Wray, best known for being the "beauty [who] killed the beast" in 1933's "King Kong," dies in her sleep of natural causes in her Manhattan apartment at the age of 96.
2000: The Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley is raised to the surface after 136 years on the ocean floor, 30 years after its discovery by undersea explorer E. Lee Spence, and five years after being filmed by a dive team funded by novelist Clive Cussler.
1999: Wade Boggs of the Tampa Bay Devil Rays becomes the first member of the major league's 3,000 hits club to join with a home run, belting one off Cleveland Indians' starting pitcher Charles Nagy. He ended up going 3-4 in a 15-10 home loss to Cleveland. He would retire on Aug. 27, 1999, ending his career with 3,010 hits. The Devil Rays would retire his number the next spring.
1992: The United States basketball "Dream Team," led by the likes of Michael Jordan, Magic Johnson and Larry Bird, clinches the gold medal at the Barcelona Summer Olympics. Consisting of NBA players for the first time ever, the U.S. basketball team beat Croatia 117-85, completing an 8-0 run that saw it defeat opponents by an average of almost 44 points. David Robinson is seen here shooting a free throw against Puerto Rico with Charles Barkley lined up for the rebound.
1992: James Hetfield of Metallica is injured by a stage explosion at a concert in Montreal. A riot occurs later at the same show when Axl Rose cuts Guns N' Roses' set short because of a sore throat.
1991: The Warsaw radio mast, at one time the tallest construction ever built, collapses. Due to an error in exchanging the guy-wires on the highest stock, the mast first bent and then snapped at roughly half its height.
1990: Iraq occupies Kuwait and the country is annexed to Iraq. This would lead to the Gulf War shortly afterward.
1989: The space shuttle Columbia takes off on STS-28 Mission, a secret five-day military mission. Although the details of the mission are classified, the payload was widely believed to be the first SDS-2 communications satellite.
1988: The Chicago Cubs and Philadelphia Phillies attempt to play the first night game ever at Wrigley Field but are rained out in fourth inning with Chicago leading 3-1.
1986: David Crosby of Crosby, Stills & Nash is released from prison after serving eight months of a five-year sentence for possession of a .45-caliber handgun and for free-basing cocaine in a Dallas nightclub in April 1982.
1986: The movie "Stand By Me," directed by Rob Reiner and starring Wil Wheaton, Jerry O'Connell, Corey Feldman and River Phoenix, premieres in theaters.
1981: Professional tennis player Roger Federer, the winner of a record 17 Grand Slam singles titles, is born in Basel, Switzerland.
1978: Odie the dog makes his first appearance in the "Garfield" comic strip. He's seen here on Aug. 9, 1978, his second appearance.
1976: In the first game of a doubleheader against the Kansas City Royals, the Chicago White Sox suit up in shorts, part of promotional effort by owner Bill Veeck. The team would wear the shorts two more times that season, on Aug. 21-22.
1976: JC Chasez (second from left), who rose to fame as one of the two lead vocalists of the boy band 'N Sync, is born in Washington, D.C.
1974: President Richard Nixon, in a nationwide television address, announces his resignation from office effective noon the next day.
1963: In what became known as "The Great Train Robbery," a gang of 15 train robbers steal 2.6 million pounds in bank notes in Buckinghamshire, England.
1961: The Edge, guitarist for the Irish rock band U2, is born David Howell Evans in Essex, England.
1960: "Itsy Bitsy Teenie Weenie Yellow Polkadot Bikini" by Brian Hyland hits No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.
1953: Actor Don Most, best known for the role of Ralph Malph on the sitcom "Happy Days," is born in Brooklyn, New York.
1949: Actor Keith Carradine, best known for his role in the movie "Nashville," for playing Wild Bill Hickok in the HBO series "Deadwood," and FBI agent Frank Lundy in "Dexter," is born in San Mateo, California. He is also a Golden Globe and Academy Award winning songwriter, having written and performed the song "I'm Easy" in "Nashville," and is a member of the Carradine acting family that included his father John Carradine, his brothers Christopher and Robert Carradine, and his half-brothers Bruce and David Carradine.
1946: The Convair B-36, the world's first mass-produced nuclear weapon delivery vehicle, flies for the first time.
1937: Actor Dustin Hoffman, best known for movies such as "The Graduate," "Midnight Cowboy," "All the President's Men," "Kramer vs. Kramer," "Tootsie" and "Rain Man," is born in Los Angeles, California. He's won Academy Awards for Best Actor for "Kramer vs. Kramer" and "Rain Man," and has been nominated for an Oscar another five times.
1932: Singer-songwriter and guitarist Mel Tillis, whose biggest hits include "I Ain't Never," "Good Woman Blues" and "Coca-Cola Cowboy," is born in Dover, Florida. He is also known as the father of fellow country singer Pam Tillis.
1930: Basketball Hall of Fame coach Jerry Tarkanian, one of the most successful coaches in college basketball history, is born in Euclid, Ohio. Tarkanian coached at Long Beach State, the University of Nevada-Las Vegas, and Fresno State University in his college career, compiling a 729–201 career coaching record. He led four of his UNLV teams to the Final Four, winning an NCAA Championship in 1990.
1929: The German airship Graf Zeppelin begins a round-the-world flight from Lakehurst Naval Air Station in New Jersey. The entire circumnavigation (including stops) would end up taking 21 days, five hours and 31 minutes and cover 20,651 miles.
1925: The first national march of the Ku Klux Klan takes place in Washington, D.C.
1921: Singer-songwriter and guitarist Webb Pierce, who charted more No. 1 hits than any other country artist during the 1950s, is born in West Monroe, Louisiana. Pierce's biggest hit was "In the Jailhouse Now," which charted for 37 weeks in 1955, 21 of them at No. 1. Among his other No. 1 hits were "Slowly," "Love, Love, Love," "I Don't Care," "There Stands the Glass," "More and More," "I Ain't Never" and "Wondering." He died of pancreatic cancer at age 69 on Feb. 24, 1991.
1921: Esther Williams, swimming champion-turned-movie star, is born in Inglewood, California. Williams, who was a U.S. swimming champion in freestyle and the breaststroke by her late teens, turned to acting after World War II canceled the 1940 Olympic Games. She made her movie debut alongside Mickey Rooney in 1942's "Andy Hardy's Double Life," and went on to appear in more than 20 films through the 1950s, including "Bathing Beauty," "Neptune's Daughter" and "Million Dollar Mermaid," taking many roles that featured her as a swimmer. She died of natural causes at age 91 on June 6, 2013.
1908: Wilbur Wright makes his first flight at a race course at Le Mans, France. It is the Wright Brothers' first public flight.
1900: The first Davis Cup tennis series begins in Boston. The tournament is named after Dwight F. Davis, a Harvard tennis player who played in the first tournament and bought the original sterling silver trophy with $1,000 of his own money. The U.S. team would defeat Great Britain three matches to zero to capture the inaugural cup.
1876: Thomas Edison receives a patent for his mimeograph. The mimeograph was a "method of preparing autographic stencils for printing."
1863: Following his defeat in the Battle of Gettysburg, Gen. Robert E. Lee sends a letter of resignation to Confederate President Jefferson Davis, which Davis refuses upon receipt.
1815: Napoleon Bonaparte sets sail for exile on St. Helena in the south Atlantic Ocean more than 11,000 miles off the west coast of Africa. He would spend the rest of his life in exile before dying in 1821.