2012: Singer Etta James, known for hits such as "Roll With Me, Henry," "At Last," "Tell Mama," "Something's Got a Hold on Me" and "I'd Rather Go Blind," dies of leukemia at age 73 in Riverside, California.
2009: Barack Obama is inaugurated as the 44th president of the United States, becoming the first black person to hold the office.
1997: Curt Flood, the All-Star center fielder for the St. Louis Cardinals in the 1960s who became a pioneering figure in the legal attack on baseball's reserve clause that foreshadowed the era of free agents, dies at age 59 in Los Angeles, California, after developing pneumonia while being treated for throat cancer.
1993: Belgian-American actress Audrey Hepburn, the star of movies such as "Roman Holiday," "Sabrina," "Breakfast at Tiffany's," "Charade" and "My Fair Lady," dies of appendiceal cancer at age 63 in Tolochenaz, Vaud, Switzerland. Hepburn earned an Academy Award for Best Actress in her first nomination for 1953's "Roman Holiday" and was nominated another four times in her career for "Sabrina," "The Nun's Story," "Breakfast at Tiffany's" and "Wait Until Dark." She is also the only person to complete the EGOT (winning an Emmy, a Grammy, an Oscar and a Tony) posthumously, winning a Tony earlier in her career and receiving a Grammy and an Emmy shortly after her death.
1990: Actress Barbara Stanwyck, best known for movies like "The Lady Eve" and "Double Indemnity," dies of congestive heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at age 82 in Santa Monica, California. Stanwyck received Oscar nominations for "Double Indemnity," "Stella Dallas," "Ball of Fire" and "Sorry, Wrong Number." Following her movie career she moved on to television, starring in her own anthology drama series before landing a lead role in the Western series "The Big Valley," winning an Emmy for each. She later won a third Emmy for her role in the miniseries "The Thorn Birds."
1986: Martin Luther King Jr. Day is celebrated as a federal holiday for the first time.
1984: Swimmer and actor Johnny Weissmuller (left), a five-time Olympic gold medalist who went on to portray Tarzan in 12 movies in the 1930s and 1940s, dies of pulmonary edema at age 79 in Acapulco, Mexico. Weissmuller also won 52 U.S. National Championships, set 67 world records and earned an Olympic bronze medal in water polo.
1982: Ozzy Osbourne bites the head off of a bat during a concert in Des Moines, Iowa, thinking it was a plastic. The singer was hospitalized to undertake a series of rabies shots after discovering the bat was real.
1981: Ronald Reagan is inaugurated as U.S. president, becoming, at age 69, the oldest man ever to be inaugurated into the office.
1981: At the moment President Ronald Reagan completes his inaugural address, Iran releases the 52 Americans who had been held hostage for 444 days. Here the hostages are seen disembarking at Andrews Air Force Base in Maryland upon their return to the United States on Jan. 27.
1975: Bob Dylan releases the album "Blood on the Tracks." The album, which features songs such as "Tangled Up in Blue," "Simple Twist of Fate" and "Idiot Wind," reached No. 1 in the United States and has come to be regarded as one of Dylan's best albums.
1971: Drummer, DJ and music producer Questlove, best known as a member of the Grammy Award-winning band The Roots, is born Ahmir Khalib Thompson in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1970: Actor Skeet Ulrich, best known for movies like "Scream" and "The Craft" and the TV series "Jericho" (pictured) and "Miracles," is born Bryan Ray Trout in Lynchburg, Virginia.
1968: Actress and TV host Melissa Rivers, the daughter of comedian and TV personality Joan Rivers, is born Melissa Warburg Rosenberg in New York City.
1967: The Rolling Stones release the album "Between the Buttons" in the United Kingdom. The album, the band's fifth in the U.K., would become their seventh American album upon its Feb. 11 release in the U.S. The U.S. version added the hit songs "Let's Spend the Night Together" and "Ruby Tuesday"
1966: Actor Rainn Wilson, best known for his Emmy-nominated role as Dwight Schrute on the sitcom "The Office," is born in Seattle, Washington.
1965: Disc jockey Alan Freed, who popularized the term "rock and roll" and music of that style, dies at age 43 in Palm Springs, California, from uremia and cirrhosis brought on by alcoholism. Freed's career was derailed by the payola scandal that hit the broadcasting industry in the early 1960s.
1964: The album "Meet The Beatles!" is released in the United States, becoming their first American record issued by Capitol Records. It topped the popular album chart on Feb. 15, 1964, and remained at No. 1 for an impressive 11 weeks before being replaced by "The Beatles' Second Album," the first time that an artist replaced itself at the peak album position. The album contained such hit songs as "I Want to Hold Your Hand," "I Saw Her Standing There" and "All My Loving."
1961: John F. Kennedy is sworn in as the 35th president of the United States. In his inaugural address he spoke of the need for all Americans to be active citizens, famously saying, "Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country." Kennedy would be assassinated in Dallas, Texas, on Nov. 22, 1963, before his first term was finished.
1960: Elvis Presley is promoted to the rank of sergeant in the U.S. Army.
1956: Comedian, actor and TV host Bill Maher, best known for his TV shows "Politically Incorrect" and "Real Time with Bill Maher," is born in New York City.
1952: Singer-songwriter and guitarist Paul Stanley, best known for being the rhythm guitarist, co-lead vocalist and frontman of the rock band Kiss, is born Stanley Harvey Eisen in New York City.
1946: Filmmaker David Lynch, best known for movies such as "Eraserhead," "The Elephant Man," "Dune," "Blue Velvet," "Wild at Heart" and "Mulholland Drive," and the TV series "Twin Peaks," is born in Missoula, Montana. He has been nominated for Academy Awards for Best Director for the movies "The Elephant Man," "Blue Velvet" and "Mulholland Drive" and also earned a Best Adapted Screenplay nomination for "The Elephant Man."
1945: Franklin D. Roosevelt is sworn-in on the White House lawn for an unprecedented fourth term as U.S. president. Less than three months into his fourth term, Roosevelt would die on April 12, 1945, with Vice President Harry S. Truman, who had been added to Roosevelt's ticket in 1944 when the Democratic Party dropped former Vice President Henry A. Wallace, succeeding him as president.
1942: At the Wannsee Conference in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee, senior Nazi German officials discuss the implementation of the "Final Solution to the Jewish Question." A surviving copy of the minutes of the meeting was discovered by the Allies in 1947. The Wannsee House (pictured), site of the conference, is now a Holocaust Memorial.
1936: Britain's King George V dies at age 70 in Sandringham House, Norfolk, United Kingdom. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Edward VIII, who abdicated his throne less than a year later and was succeeded by his younger brother Albert, who chose the regnal name George VI.
1930: Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin Jr., the former American astronaut who was the second person to walk on the moon, is born in Glen Ridge, New Jersey. Also a U.S. Air Force pilot, he was the lunar module pilot for Apollo 11, the first manned lunar landing in history.
1926: Actress Patricia Neal is born in Packard, Kentucky. She was best known for her film roles in "The Day the Earth Stood Still," "Breakfast at Tiffany's" and "Hud," the last of which won her the Academy Award for Best Actress. Neal, seen here in a publicity photo for the 1949 movie "The Hasty Heart," died of lung cancer at age 84 on Aug. 8, 2010.
1923: Country music singer-songwriter Ottis Dewey "Slim" Whitman Jr., known for his yodeling abilities and his falsetto voice, is born in Tampa, Florida. Whitman, best known for songs like "Indian Love Call," "Keep It a Secret," "Secret Love" and "Rose Marie," died of heart failure at age 90 on June 19, 2013.
1920: The American Civil Liberties Union is founded.
1920: Film director Federico Fellini, one of the most influential filmmakers of the 20th century, is born in Rimini, Kingdom of Italy. Fellini, who won five Academy Awards including the most number of Oscars in history for Best Foreign Language Film, is best known for films such as "La Strada," "La Dolce Vita" and "8½." He died at age 73 on Oct. 31, 1993.
1920: Actor DeForest Kelley, best known for playing Dr. Leonard "Bones" McCoy in the television and film series "Star Trek," is born in Toccoa, Georgia. He died of stomach cancer at the age of 79 on June 11, 1999.
1896: Actor George Burns, whose career in show business would last for 93 years, is born Nathan Birnbaum in New York City. His career spanned vaudeville, film, radio and television until his death at age 100 in March 1996. He rose to fame with his wife, Gracie Allen, in the 1920s, playing the straight man to her zany scatterbrain. The two found success on stage, on radio and on television before Allen retired in 1958. Following her death in August 1964, Allen relaunched his career at age 79 playing an old comedian in the 1975 film "The Sunshine Boys," for which he won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. He continued to work until shortly before his death, including roles playing God in the "Oh, God!" movies.
1894: Cartoonist Harold Gray, best known as the creator of the newspaper comic strip "Little Orphan Annie," is born in Kankakee, Illinois. He died of cancer at the age of 74 on May 9, 1968.
1887: The United States Senate allows the Navy to lease Pearl Harbor to maintain a coaling and repair station.